study

Motor neurone disease: ‘Milestone’ treatment delays or even reverses progressive muscle weakness, study finds

Les Wood was diagnosed with MND 10 years ago and first took part in the trial in 2016

Doctors have hailed a “landmark” treatment that slows or even reverses progressive muscle weakness in patients with motor neurone disease (MND). New results from an international study show that patients given monthly injections of the drug tofersen reported better mobility and lung function after a year of treatment. A patient who was in a wheelchair …

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A hearty breakfast is the key to controlling hunger, according to the study

A hearty breakfast is the key to controlling hunger, according to the study

A big breakfast could be the key to curbing appetite, researchers have suggested. A new small-scale study from the University of Aberdeen found that eating a bigger breakfast and a smaller dinner could help with weight loss by making participants feel less hungry. The research, published in the journal Cellular metabolismset out to investigate “chrononutrition” …

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Study children whose parents breathed in cigarette smoke more likely to develop asthma

Children are more likely to develop asthma if their father was exposed to tobacco smoke growing up, a new study has found. And they have an even greater risk of developing the common lung disease if their father was a smoker, according to the international team of researchers. The findings, published in the European Respiratory …

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The blood test detects several cancers without clear symptoms, according to the study

Doctors have told health services to prepare for a new era of cancer screening after a study found a simple blood test could detect several types of cancer in patients before they develop clear symptoms. The Pathfinder study offered the blood test to more than 6,600 adults age 50 and older and detected dozens of …

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The study reveals surprising differences in the brains of modern humans and Neanderthals

Neanderthals have long been portrayed as our goofy, bully cousins. Now, groundbreaking research, while not confirming the stereotype, has revealed surprising differences in the brain development of modern humans and Neanderthals. The study involved inserting a Neanderthal brain gene into mice, ferrets and “mini-brain” structures called organoids, grown in the lab from human stem cells. …

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Global rates of early-onset cancer have “increased dramatically”, according to the study

Researchers found rates of early-onset cancer are rising globally and linked the increases to many different factors that affect different parts of the world in different ways (file photo)

Rates of early-onset cancer are rising worldwide and experts blame the rise on modern Western diets, increases in obesity and poor sleep habits among young people. Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, gathered data on 14 cancers from 44 countries around the world and found that early-onset cases were almost universally increasing. …

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Artificial sweeteners are linked to an increased risk of heart disease, study finds

Artificial sweeteners are linked to an increased risk of heart disease and “should not be considered a healthy and safe alternative to sugar,” according to researchers. The harmful effects of added sugars have long been established for multiple chronic diseases, leading food companies to use artificial sweeteners in a wide range of foods and beverages …

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Hormone therapy can boost brain function in people with Down syndrome, study finds

A pilot study has suggested that regular doses of a hormone may help boost cognitive skills in people with Down syndrome. Researchers fitted seven men with Down syndrome with a pump that delivered a dose of GnRH, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone, every two hours for six months. Six of the seven men showed moderate cognitive improvements …

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